Commuting as a cause of shortage of places in Tatarstan’s kindergartens — RealnoeVremya.com
In addition, 14,000 new places in preschool institutions have opened in Tatarstan over the past three years, but they are not enough anyway
14,000 new preschool places were also opened in Tatarstan from 2019 to 2021 – 60 kindergartens had to be built for this. However, the availability of places in these establishments is not one hundred percent. As the Ministry of Education and Science says, the migration of people from the countryside to the cities is the cause. Commuting – when parents live in the suburbs but go to work in Tatarstan’s capital – is the cause of the shortage of childcare groups, the ministry explains. Read in Realnoe Vremya’s report how Tatarstan will solve the problem of ‘irritated teachers’, a shortage of staff, nurseries and why children under the age of three cannot go to the usual groups but parents have to pay for it. the kindergarten even when the child does not go there in the summer.
14,000 new places in preschool institutions have also been opened in Tatarstan over the past three years
Today, the preschool education system in Tatarstan is a mechanism consisting of 2,000 organizations — private, state and municipal. In total, more than 215,000 children attend these kindergartens where 50,000 workers work. As Ramis Muzipov, Deputy Minister of Education of Tatarstan, said, 60 new kindergartens opened in Tatarstan in 2019-2021. Half of them were built in 2019, 28 establishments in 2020 for 5,000 new places (half of which for groups of crèches), 17 kindergartens for 3,000 new places (including 1,200 for children under 3 years) open in 2021.
“We plan to open three more kindergartens in 2022. One is already under construction in Kazan, another in Bouinsk district, the third in Nizhnekamsk district,” the official promised. “More than 14,000 additional new preschool places have been opened in the past three years.”
At the same time, programs aimed at “reorienting” groups in existing kindergartens, i.e. renovation of buildings and modifications of groups to create crèche groups, which Tatarstan urgently needs, are In progress. Thus, about 2,000 new places for children under 3 years old have been created. Muzipov assured us that 30 groups had been reassigned to Kazan alone.
“Speaking of availability, Tatarstan is filled with 98% of places in kindergartens. For comparison, the rate in 2020 was 91%, in 2021 it was already 94%. We will reach 100% very soon,” Tatarstan’s deputy education minister promised. “The availability of kindergartens in 38 districts of the republic is already 100%. A lower availability rate is found mainly in large cities of the republic and in the suburbs of Kazan such as Pestretsy and Laishevo districts. The number of children is also increasing from year to year, this is linked to both internal migration (many families leave the countryside for the city) and external migration. According to the preliminary date of the recent Russian census, 4 million citizens were registered in the Republic of Tatarstan.
“A tired teacher is an irritated, anxious teacher”
As officials noted in an online meeting with the population, reorientation is a trend in Russian politics: it is necessary to admit younger children to kindergartens so that young mothers can get an education and “find interesting work”. However, only about 3,000 of all children in Tatarstan (not just under 3 years old) do not attend kindergartens in Tatarstan, although the number of places today “exceeds the number of those who want them “. This happens because even if one kindergarten solves the problem of 30 to 500 children, parents have the right to take their child to kindergartens of their choice.
Another problem concerns the new microdistricts where “it is impossible to build a kindergarten right away”. The third problem is the staff. As one of the teachers of Kazan kindergartens noted in his question, in his institution there are 12 teachers working to exhaustion for 12 groups.
“A tired teacher is an irritated and anxious teacher. Such a person cannot ensure that the children are safe,” she said.
Muzipov claimed they understood the problem and tried to fix it. Nowadays, 6 pedagogical colleges operate in Tatarstan, and every year up to 4,000 preschool workers graduate from them. However, not all of them work by trade due to low pay. Tatarstan’s Ministry of Education assured us that it is now working to increase it and return the subsidies: a dedicated roadmap appears to exist for staffing Tatarstan’s kindergartens.
Commuting as the Kazan city administration’s explanation for a shortage of nursery groups
The capital of Tatarstan has two big problems: these are the suburbs and the lack of nurseries. The representative of the office of education of the executive committee of Kazan, Tatiana Bagayeva, partially confirmed this. According to her, up to 10,000 children aged 3 to 7 will attend kindergarten in 2022. But the executive committee has provided 14,000 places so that “a parent can choose not one but two, three kindergartens and consider the one best suited”.
She says that the republic and Kazan have a significant dynamic on the fall of the queue: if about 10,000 small citizens of Kazan waited in line just a few years ago, now this queue does not exceed 6 000. In addition, approximately 3,000 places remain vacant.
“11,000 children under the age of three went to kindergarten this year. We plan to provide a total of 18,000 small citizens of Kazan with places. 8,000 children out of 11,000 [from 1 to 3 years] will get the places, many are now referred to their kindergartens. Admission continues, ”Tatiana Bagayeva asserted and noted that the number of people who did not have a place in kindergarten groups in Kazan increased from 9 to 3 thousand. “The case is that Kazan is an attractive city for young families, many come here from other Russian regions. Kazan bears the burden because of families living in the suburbs, for example, Pestretsy or Laishevo districts. Moreover, their parents work in Kazan, and it is more convenient for them to take their child to a kindergarten in Kazan. There are restrictions for them because it is necessary to have registration in Kazan, at least temporarily, this is what the legislation requires. But we never say no, we can provide options.
Why children of kindergarten age cannot attend the usual groups and kindergarten will have to be paid during the summer holidays for
She added that children under the age of three (especially one-year-olds) cannot attend regular groups because it is necessary to comply with legislative requirements for furniture – this must correspond not only to the age but also to individual size indicators.
Answering questions from residents of Tatarstan, officials explained why parents will have to partially pay for a place in kindergarten – even if the child will not attend it in the summer. According to Muzipov, today kindergarten fees, for example, in Kazan, are divided into two parts: monthly fees (about 750 rubles on average) and meals (about 2,500 on average). He says the monthly fee is always paid regardless of whether the child goes to kindergarten or not. And meals don’t have to be paid for.