Wages in Tatarstan have increased despite the pandemic — RealnoeVremya.com

Review by Realnoe Vremya of the amount of average salaries in enterprises and organizations of the republic

Photo: Maxim Platonov

This year, the average salary in Tatarstan increased by 11% and amounted to 42,121.7 rubles. The Tatarstan Statistical Service has published these data, for the moment, only for five months, from January to May. As Realnoe Vremya discovered, a higher salary was recorded in all types of economic activity. Read in our report who has risen the most, which specialists are earning more than others and who are struggling to make ends meet.

The lowest salaries in the hotel and catering industry

The average monthly salary of workers in organizations of the republic, including small enterprises, according to the statistical service of Tatarstan from January to May, reached 42,121.7 rubles. Compared to the salary for the analogous period last year (37,896.6 rubles), it is 11.1% higher.

One would think that this rise occurred due to the low five-month base of the pandemic in 2020. But compared to the pre-COVID-19 period (35,862.8 rubles in January-May 2019), the growth is much higher — 17.5%.

If we study the data on salaries in the types of economic activity, we can notice that specialists working in hotels and public catering earn the lowest salary in Tatarstan, only 26,582 rubles. Despite the annual growth of 13.7% (from 23,369 rubles), the ratio to the average Republican salary is only 63.1%.

The head of GMC Consulting Galina Mashtakova sees the fact that the number of graduates exceeds the number of vacancies the reason for the low salaries in these fields:

“You have to be satisfied with a position below your skills to start evolving in this profession. The activity of hotels and restaurants is directly linked to the level of the establishment and the city in which it is located. From now on, it is more profitable to open low-cost establishments for better circulation, which has the consequence of influencing the income of employees. How to increase the salary? Raising the level of organization, quality of service and prices.

Another interlocutor of the newspaper, head of the press service of hh.ru Urals Anna Osipova considers the composition of personnel in these business areas to be the main reason. Most workers are unskilled or low-skilled personnel:

“A person without a diploma can work as a waiter. Take the cook, it already requires a university degree. However, any restaurant will have more waiters than cooks, and of course this will influence average salaries. I think this moment influences here quite seriously because a lot of unqualified specialists are employed in these sectors.

At the same time, Osipova believes that this sphere has probably recovered after the coronavirus crisis: “According to our data, in the first seven months of this year (January-July inclusive), the number of vacancies in tourism , hotels and restaurants in Tatarstan increased by 150% compared to January-July 2020, that is, the number of vacancies is almost 2.5 times higher.

“We see that the demand for personnel is increasing quite strongly here, we need people, companies are developing,” said the newspaper’s interlocutor.

According to her, the difficulties of crossing borders have diverted the attention of Russians towards domestic tourism. While Tatarstan is a fairly attractive region from this point of view. This has had a positive impact on the development of tourism and related jobs.

Specialists working in hotels and public catering earn the lowest salary in Tatarstan. Photo: Maxim Platonov

The salary of specialists working in agriculture, forestry, hunting, fishing and fish farming is somewhat higher. Here, average salaries are 28,640 rubles, which is 68% of the average salary in the republic. During the year, the income of representatives of these sectors increased by almost 4,000 rubles, or 16.9% (from 24,5050 rubles).

Strange as it may seem, those working in real estate are also among the lowest paid jobs, at least according to official statistics. Tatarstan specialists in this field receive an average of 29,864 rubles, which is 70.9% of the average for the republic. Annual growth is about 5.6% (28,267 rubles).

Highest salaries in science and mineral production

Specialists who carry out scientific research and development have the highest salary in Tatarstan (66,171 rubles). During the year, their income increased by 5,400 rubles (or 8.9%). In general, the salary is more than 1.5 times higher than the average salary in the republic (157.1%). Scientific workers are ahead of workers in the oil sector in this indicator.

Workers who produce minerals with a salary of 65,881 rubles (156.4% of the average salary in Tatarstan) have the second highest salary. Their income increased by 9.4% last year (by 60,207 rubles).

Information and communications specialists (61,820 rubles) complete the top 3 of the highest paid jobs. They receive 146.8% of the average salary in Tatarstan. Over the year, these specialists have seen their salaries increase by 20% (+10,400 rubles). Over the past two years, the rise has been by a third (by 33.6% from 46,257 rubles).

Information and communications specialists (61,820 rubles) complete the top 3 of the highest paid jobs. Photo: Maxim Platonov

According to the Tatarstan Statistical Service, wages rose in all industries. However, not everyone agrees with this. Anna Osipova therefore believes that the salaries of the vacancies offered have in fact not changed since the beginning of the year. In January, the salary, she says, was 42,000 rubles, in July it was 43,000:

“These are average figures. In general, we can say that wages in the region remain at one level. If we look at last year, we can say that wages have not changed in general. In January 2020, the average salary was 42,000 rubles. Salaries have been in this range for a year and a half (41,000-43,000 rubles).”

However, the level of expected salaries, in his opinion, has increased. In January 2020, the expected salary was 36,000 rubles on average, 38,000 rubles in January 2021, 39,000 rubles in July:

“The expected salary is what job seekers mention in their CV. There are not many job seekers in the market and employers have to compete to find good specialists. People entering the labor market see that they have a choice, and this influences the salary they ask for.

Galina Mashtakova noted that most employers are reconsidering the pay/reward ratio:

“The salary is the lowest part, while the reward is more than 60% of the salary. It is suggested to be related to remote work and the instability of the amount of work.

Production, industry and IT are promising areas

Mashtakova singled out production among promising areas. The expert says working from home will definitely stick around for jobs that can be remote from the organization and have a clear reporting system (sales, accounting, analytics, marketing).

Anna Osipova named information technology among the promising areas: “It’s a sphere that penetrates all sectors. Today, not only IT companies, but also the retail industry needs programmers. Large food retailers are very actively recruiting programmers. Also, she considers medicine and pharmacy promising:

“We pay a lot of attention to them, we see a huge lack of personnel in these spheres. There are not many job seekers here. Private medicine is also developing in particular and is actively hiring.

Anna Osipova considers medicine and pharmacy to be promising. Photo: Maxim Platonov

In addition, she says, there is a demand for specialists from another field: “Now we are seeing interest in domestic tourism, the number of vacancies is increasing. The number of tourist facilities that hire people is increasing. The sphere is quite interesting today, especially in a region like Tatarstan. The situation with data analysis is the same:

“A lot of related jobs are popping up today. Companies are starting to work with the data they accumulate (data on customers, processes). And specialists who analyze this data are in demand. In general, all jobs intensively develop, transform, something new appears in them. The labor market is developing in all areas,” Osipova concluded.

Yevgeny Khramov

Tatarstan

Rose D. Jones