Tatarstan faces the problem of elderly people abandoned by their children — RealnoeVremya.com
On September 28, at the Cabinet of Ministers, representatives of ministries and the Pension Fund explained how and where almost 7 billion rubles of social assistance are spent annually on 1.2 million elderly people of Tatarstan. These include pilot programs that have been implemented for a long time in the Republic of Tatarstan – from mass medical screening of villagers in urban medical institutions to attempts to solve the problems of hip fractures and falls of pensioners, ” kindergartens” for the elderly, nursing schools for relatives, host families for pensioners. In addition, the authorities of the Republic of Tatarstan seem to have seriously decided to tackle the problems of lonely elderly people. It turned out that in 2021 Tatarstan faced the problem of elderly people abandoned by their own children. Read about this, as well as about the course of the Decade of Older Persons, in the material of Realnoe Vremya.
Almost 7 billion rubles of social assistance are spent annually on pensioners in Tatarstan
Today, one in four residents of Tatarstan is over retirement age, a third of them live in rural areas (28%), said Elmira Zaripova, Minister of Labour, Employment and Social Protection of Tatarstan. In total, more than a million people. She also drew attention to the growth in the number of the oldest people in the republic. For example, if in 2017 170 people over 100 lived in the Republic of Tatarstan, today there are 189. Most centenarians are women.
So-called pre-retirees have been added to ordinary retirees in recent years, Zaripova added. In the second half of 2021, men born in the first half of 1960 and women born in the first half of 1968 reach retirement age. The average amount of pensions in the Republic of Tatarstan, however, is only 15,475 rubles for the elderly, and for those who have a pension below the subsistence minimum (which is usually only 11,950 rubles), it there is a federal supplementary payment. Nevertheless, the Ministry of Labor of the Republic of Tatarstan insists that huge sums of money are spent on elderly residents of Tatarstan every year from the Republican budget alone.
“We have every second ruble of the package of all social support measures — and it’s 13.5 billion rubles this year — goes to supporting the elderly. First of all, labor veterans, pre-retirees, owners of residential premises over 70 years old,” said Elmira Zaripova.
From mass medical examination of villagers in cities to solving the problem of hip fractures
In the context of the coronavirus, requirements have been added to employers concerning pensioners: for example, the elderly are required to provide two days for a compulsory medical examination, and in the event of unjustified dismissal of pensioners, the employer incurs a fine up to 200,000 rubles or compulsory labor in the amount of 360 hours. More administrative responsibility.
However, as the authorities of the Republic of Tatarstan assure, social and medical assistance for pensioners has long been provided in the Republic – according to individual projects, including federal and republican pilot projects. To implement the medical examination program for people over the age of 65 living in rural areas, 43 cars were purchased for urban medical institutions, which, Zaripova noted, is one of the serious projects aimed at changing the quality of life of rural residents:
“We call this emergency hospitalization, when such decisions are made on the basis of the results of a medical examination – when in fact it is a question of saving people!”
The Ministry of Health of the Republic of Tatarstan launches some of its projects, Almir Abashev, the first deputy head of the department, reminded of the serious problem of pensioners with hip fractures – thousands of elderly residents of Tatarstan suffer of this injury every year. In 2021, it was finally possible to organize a system with clear deadlines from the event to the operating table — it’s 48 hours, doctors and social services are now obliged to respect these deadlines. Previously, this could not be done due to logistical shortcomings. Secondly, pilot projects are being introduced in a pilot mode simultaneously at the Republican Clinical Hospital and the Naberezhnye Chelny Emergency Medical Hospital (BSMP) on “prevention of falls in the elderly”.
“We create an environment where people feel comfortable. Assistance to the elderly will be provided by both doctors and social services. If the experiment is successful, we will replicate it throughout Tatarstan,” Almir Abashev said.
In 2021, Tatarstan faced the problem of elderly people abandoned by their own children
The authorities of the Republic of Tatarstan, it seems, decided to tackle the problem of single pensioners, and almost in manual mode. According to Elmira Zaripova, it was in 2021 that the republic faced situations when their children abandoned elderly people, leaving to work in other cities and leaving their parents unattended.
“Children think their parents will always be young and healthy, but they remain without care. We introduced a special phone in the fall – 8 800 600 42 34, we ask friendly neighbors to call this number if your friend is an elderly person who is alone and without care. Social workers will come to the call, find out who their relatives are and where they are. It may even involve collecting alimony. We will not leave an elderly person without attention! promised the Minister of Labor and Social Protection of the Republic of Tatarstan.
Even before the coronavirus, Tatarstan, however, entered a pilot federal project, and today, noted Zaripova, a long-term care system for elderly people who have suffered a stroke or heart attack, who have movement restrictions, memory problems, etc. . is already implemented in all regions of the republic. Under the pilot project, health facilities first determine an older person’s status, conduct a comprehensive health assessment and report the results to social welfare authorities. Then the joint sponsorship of health and social care workers is introduced, according to which 3,300 elderly citizens of Tatarstan are followed today.
A total of 17,000 elderly residents of the Republic of Tatarstan are covered annually by home social services. In addition to the above, the technology of a foster family for an elderly person is also introduced (32 retirees have already been “sheltered”), a nursing school in which elderly relatives learn nursing skills so that, as Elmira Zaripova said, “they don’t break their backs”. Three thousand five hundred parents of elderly residents of Tatarstan have already been trained in the nursing school.
Finally, “kindergartens” for the elderly, short-term day care groups for elderly people suffering from mental disorders have been set up. In the “covid” 2021 year, despite the restrictions, they covered 900 residents of Tatarstan.
“We’ve raised a whole generation of gadget-savvy seniors!”
A distinct layer of work with the elderly is carried out through vocational training, strange as that may seem. Today, every second resident of the Republic of Tatarstan of pre-retirement age, after retraining, the authorities assure, finds a job (in figures – 2,289 out of 4,339).
“Unfortunately, for them it is not only an opportunity to increase their own income, but often they also help their children,” said Elmira Zaripova.
Accountants, financiers, teachers and even personnel managers are in demand in the labor market of the Republic of Tatarstan after the retraining of older people under the federal project “Older Generation”. Among the workers — security guards, cooks, pastry chefs, boiler room operators. At the same time, Tatarstan has been teaching computer science to pensioners since 2007, which has made it possible to transfer 87% of social protection services to electronic form.
“In our regions, people ask how old people deal with gadgets, they can’t work with… We have raised a whole generation of old people who know gadgets well! assured the Minister.
Decade for seniors: from loyalty programs in brands to challenges on social networks
Finally, on September 2, 1.2 million pensioners received a one-time federal payment in the amount of 10,000 rubles in Tatarstan, a total of 11.2 billion rubles was spent on this (and on the anniversary of the Great Patriotic War, 7.4 million rubles were allocated to 743 Tatarstan veterans). This was stated at a press conference dedicated to the Decade of Old People of the Republic of Tatarstan by Eduard Vafin, the head of the Russian Pension Fund for the Republic of Tatarstan. The very branch of the Pension Fund of the Republic of Tatarstan, he added, has also recently become a competence center for the calculation of pensions for all residents of Kazakhstan with experience of residence in the Russian Federation, from October 1, 2021, the Pension Fund of the Republic of Tatarstan will be responsible for thousands of elderly residents of Baikonur (the cosmodrome has been there since Soviet times).
For older people, a traditional cultural program is offered at the beginning of the decade – for example, you can see theatrical productions for free, train in swimming pools and on simulators, visit fairs, as well as take advantage of loyalty programs for the elderly offered by the Pyaterochka, LENTA, Bakhetle and Magnet channels. On September 30, the Kazan Philharmonic Orchestra hosts the premiere of the film “When the heart sings with joy” – “based on the story of 10 veterans who found the opportunity to help other elderly people during the ‘self-isolation’. On social networks, the authorities of the Republic of Tatarstan issued a challenge dedicated to distant elderly relatives, who will surely be found in every family — officials urge to take a photo with such a relative and send an invitation three “friends” with a call to take pictures, in turn, with their loved ones.