Minister of Labor of Tatarstan held a briefing — RealnoeVremya.com

In the last six months of 2021, the Ministry of Labour, Employment and Social Protection of Tatarstan carried out 735 inspections with 233 warnings

This year, 113 occupational safety rules have lost their force in Russia, another 40 have been updated. But significant new changes in the Labor Code are looming, and the Ministry of Labor of Tatarstan has been instructed to help enterprises in the republic learn all the intricacies of the transition to risk-based management more quickly. safety at work. Tatarstan Labor Minister Elmira Zaripova spoke about it during a briefing in the Government Chamber.

Good indicators are no reason to relax

In work accidents in 2020, Tatarstan has one of the best indicators – 0.7 per 1000 workers and ranks third in a ranking of regions after Penza Oblast (1st) and the Chuvash Republic (2n/a). This indicator is 32% lower than the Russian average, which is 1.03 injuries per 1,000 workers, Tatarstan’s Labor, Employment and Social Protection Minister Elmira Zaripova said. However, the injury with fatality indicator decreased by 15%. And the minister stresses that we must not relax:

“This is a reason to talk seriously with employers and analyze the causes of these cases that have led to deaths. We understand that every deceased worker has a family, unfortunately these are children who have lost breadwinners. To avoid such situations, the republic is seriously working on this issue in the person of employers, trade unions, municipalities.

Falls from heights account for the majority of 30% of work accidents in the republic. Road accidents account for 17%. Elmira Zaripova notes a drop in injuries due to moving, scattered objects, misuse of equipment, impact of fire and smoke.

Falls from heights account for the majority of 30% of work accidents in the republic. Photo: realnoevremya.ru

Statistically, processing plants, construction and mineral production remain the most detrimental sectors. The Minister of Labor mentions an 80% reduction in injuries in agriculture and transport.

Carelessness and recklessness often prove fatal. Elmira Zaripova cites in particular an accident that occurred in an industrial area of ​​Nizhnekamsk where a 35-year-old worker died. A young father fell from a height while wearing a seat belt. However, it was understood that the seat belt had not been buckled. “This is an example of the misuse of personal protective equipment when it is enough to tick a box,” complained the minister.

In order to reduce the number of accidents, the Ministry of Labor regularly inspects companies. In the last six months of 2021, 735 inspections were carried out, 233 warnings were issued and 129 accidents were investigated. Not only the sanction by fine or warning is reinforced. 83 criminal charges were filed for violations of process and workplace safety during the stated period. The courts handed down five sentences.

“Compliance with safety requirements and rules is carefully monitored by the President of Tatarstan during Saturday meetings held with construction employers, the question of compliance with safety rules at construction sites is raised”, Zaripova pointed out.

The Minister also noted that in 2021, inspections were carried out not only after serious violations, but also in a preventive manner, whether there were accidents or not.

In order to reduce the number of accidents, the Ministry of Labor regularly inspects companies. Photo: realnoevremya.ru

Excess Burden—Under the Guillotine

To alleviate the excessive burden on enterprises, accelerate economic development, a far-reaching legislative reform was launched in January 2019, the so-called “regulatory guillotine”.

The task of the guillotine is to create a new system of clear and precise requirements for entities in the field of regulation, to alleviate the excessive administrative burden on entrepreneurs, to reduce the risk of damage to protected values.

Over the past two years, more than 9,000 regulatory acts establishing mandatory requirements have either been reviewed or annulled. 113 occupational medicine rules have lost their force since January 1, 2021. At the same time, 40 new rules have entered into force. The Minister of Labor pays attention to the fact that the rules have not become stricter.

The Russian Ministry of Labor has seriously reworked, updated and simplified huge rules, turning them into instructions that each employer can adapt according to the specifics of his production.

Over the past two years, more than 9,000 regulatory acts establishing mandatory requirements have either been reviewed or annulled. Photo: realnoevremya.ru

The Ministry of Labour, Employment and Social Protection of Tatarstan actively participated in the consideration of the draft law. There was support for a proposal to save the average salary not only during medical visits but also during psychiatric examinations. In addition, the ministry has drawn up offers to organize working conditions and training workers in safe methods and approaches.

We must prepare now for the changes to come, assures us Elmira Zaripova. Each employer must adopt approximately 20 local regulatory acts referring to his company. Ministry of Labor specialists are ready to help employers adapt to the new rules.

The employer must assess the risks

A new risk-based approach requires the employer to assess the hazardous factors at each specific location. Occupational safety specialists in companies must not only describe, but also select optimal solutions to minimize risks. A new concept is introduced: professional risk management.

It is proposed to minimize the risks with the help of personal protective equipment. The system of their emission will also change. Previously, there was a list of professions that required a certain set of personal protective equipment, while workers whose professions were not on the list received no equipment. With the introduction of a risk-based approach, personal protective equipment is issued taking into account the risks present at a specific location.

Elmira Zaripova notes that employers will be held accountable under the new system: “Don’t try to describe everything once, put it aside and wait for an inspection to come. Of course not.” According to the minister, the situation will have to be constantly monitored and corrected if necessary.

It is proposed to minimize the risks with the help of personal protective equipment. The system of their delivery will also change. Photo: realnoevremya.ru

The new rules introduce the concept of occupational microlesions. Microinjuries must be analyzed by the employer according to the new edition.

The worker has the right to turn to the employer to register a micro-injury. All these cases, of course, must be registered, Elmira Zaripova draws our attention. It is important for employers to be sufficiently cautious and remain alert to all these situations that can harm a worker. All this must be recorded in local acts.

To monitor process safety and compliance with occupational safety, the employer has the right to record audio and video at workplaces. The Minister of Labor of Tatarstan believes that such a novelty will help in case of questionable situations.

Oral briefings and work safety manuals are a thing of the past. All necessary information on working conditions, risks, necessary personal protective equipment, workplace video must be added to the contract according to the new rules.

140,000 unemployed

Speaking about the existing opportunities for citizens of Tatarstan, Elmira Zaripova noted that every unemployed citizen should be entitled to 140,000 rubles to develop their own business. At the same time, citizens must create a business plan and submit it to a local employment service for evaluation. If the plan is approved, an unemployed citizen receives more than 140,000 rubles in benefits with additional responsibility for developing this activity during the year. If the money was not withdrawn to develop a business but in disguise, law enforcement will join the case.

Speaking about the existing opportunities for citizens of Tatarstan, Elmira Zaripova noted that every unemployed citizen should be entitled to 140,000 rubles to develop their own business. Photo: tatarstan.ru

There are already more than a hundred positive stories where unemployed people have used this program, says the minister. She also notes that such business support measures exist in many regions; if there is a centralized federal program, Tatarstan will be ready to join it.

Emil Ziyangirov

Tatarstan

Rose D. Jones