Echo of Donbass for Tatarstan —

Russian banks that have been hit with sanctions and faced an influx of customers have made several statements over the weekend. Financial institutions said they were operating as usual and there was no cause for concern. So, at noon on Sunday, Sberbank sent messages to users of its application that its system was stable. Nevertheless, economists are considering how smaller banks, including those in Tatarstan, can benefit from disconnecting larger ones from SWIFT. The fate of other international projects proved threatened after Russia and Tatarstan lost several sports tournaments. A Russian-German Spectrum-RG observatory project, which Kazan scientists from the Kazan Federal University (KFU) also supervised, is nearing completion. Moreover, Tatarstan authorities have banned all mass events since Monday citing the epidemiological situation.

Messages from Russian banks last weekend

Citizens of Kazan said that Apple Pay and Google Pay did not work in some stores, gas stations and taxis last weekend, but they could pay for purchases or services with a card. Earlier, the Central Bank warned of possible problems with these services after the EU and the United States imposed sanctions on Russia. Customers were asked to use other means of payment, cash or card.

However, Sberbank claimed that it sees no problem when its customers pay for goods and services through its own payment services and those of its partners: “They all work as usual”. The bank also said its customers can transact through Apple Pay, Google Pay, Samsung Pay. The bank added that it also did not see any failures in SberPay, including NFC, Pay QR and facial recognition.

The Central Bank, in turn, asserted, amid the imposed sanctions and declarations that Russia would not exclude from SWIFT, that it had the necessary resources to ensure the stability and uninterrupted functioning of the financial sector. The regulator made the audience understand that the Russian banking system is stable, has enough capital in reserve and liquidity for uninterrupted operation in any situation.

“In any case, the financial message system ensured the communication of financial messages inside Russia. All customer money from Russian banks is available at all times,” the CB added.

The Bank of Russia promised to permanently provide cash and cash bans in rubles.


The Russian-German Spektr-RG project with KFU in danger

The Spektr-RG X-ray space observatory transferred the eROSITA telescope to safe mode – German specialists did this due to the special operation of Russian troops in Ukraine. Electricity is supplied to key parts of the telescope but it does not make observations according to a scientific program, however, it can be turned on at any time, N+1 said quoting a representative from the Space Research Institute of the United States. Russian Academy of Sciences. Spektr-RG was launched into space in the summer of 2019, it started spinning around the Sun-Earth Lagrange point L2 in a halo orbit. The goal is to observe the whole sky in soft and hard X tuning forks and to create the sky map with record sensitivity. To this end, two telescopes are installed on its platform created in Russia: the Russian ART-XC and the German eROSITA. However, the head of Roscosmos, Dmitry Rogozin, said that the German side informed the Russian side that it had turned off the eROSITA telescope.

Astrophysicist and Academician of the Russian Academy of Sciences Rashid Syunyayev oversees Spektr-RG. Three years ago, he told Realnoe Vremya that hundreds of engineers, physicists and astrophysicists in Russia, Germany and even the United States worked on the Spektr-RG X-ray observatory project. , the creation of a satellite and oblique telescopes, preparation for launch with the help of the Proton-M rocket and the D3M booster for many years. While astrophysicists from the Federal University of Kazan would help identify the objects detected by Spektr-RG. The university was to provide optical ground support for the Spektr-RG observatory with RTT-150 in Turkey.

“Kazan astronomers working under academician of Tatarstan Academy of Sciences Nail Sakhibullina and corresponding member of Tatarstan Academy of Sciences Ilfin Bikmayev have created an active and very strong group of astrophysicists and engineers working and supporting the 1.5 meter Russian-Turkish telescope in good working order at a height of 2,500 meters on Bakırlıtepe mountain 60 km from Antalya in Turkey next to the road on which Alexander the Great led his troops to Iran and in India in the past. Today it is one of the most equipped telescopes with the latest optical detectors available to Russian scientists,” Rashid Syunyayev explained to the participation of his Tatarstan colleagues. mass events

Changes have been made to the decree on anti-COVID-19 restrictions in Tatarstan. A ban on mass events has been imposed since Tatarstan Prime Minister Alexey Pesochin signed the document on Monday. Given the sanitary and epidemiological situation and the specifics of the spread of the coronavirus, “mass events with citizens have been prohibited since February 28 unless otherwise provided by this decree”.

In addition, Tatarstan’s Health Ministry has been instructed to test refugees coming from Donetsk and Luhansk people’s republics for coronavirus. It should be noted that the decree provided for a ban on “entertaining shows and events including for children and mass events with citizens unless otherwise provided in this decree” since October 30, 2021. In parallel, QR codes to use public transport, bowling and computer clubs, shopping malls, cafes and restaurants were canceled on February 21. Retail stores were also allowed to work at night.

Photo: SWIFT

Small banks can benefit from disconnecting from SWIFT

Russia will have to create alternative payment systems after being disconnected from SWIFT, Russian economists warn. According to specialists, SWIFT can be avoided, since the country has more primitive analogues.

“We can assume that a number of large state banks will soon be excluded. But the small banks remain, private Tinkoff, Zenit, Ak Bars. SWIFT can be avoided, there are more primitive analogues. This is not critical, ”says Eduard Kolozhvari, candidate of economics, docent of the department of financial markets and financial institutions at the Novosibirsk State University of Economics and Management.

The expert thinks that other consequences can be much more serious than the disconnection of SWIFT. Sanctions imposed by EU countries drive Russia out of the global economy. For example, it will be impossible to buy goods in online stores. In addition, due to the freezing of the assets of the Bank of Russia, the country can lose between 80 and 300 billion dollars. All of Russia’s $630 billion assets will be limited.

However, Europe has already declared that if necessary, other Russian banks will also be excluded from SWIFT.

Sergei Afanasyev


Rose D. Jones